Raise public awareness of gerrymandering as a key election-year issue
Create press opportunities on gerrymandering to engage the public and use them as a public accountability tool
Get candidates for governor and the General Assembly on the record on gerrymandering and on how they will fix the problem
Messaging Priorities To get our message across and get the general public to hear us on why gerrymandering is a critical issue, we need to make gerrymandering a “kitchen-table topic” by clearly articulating how the issue affects everyday Illinoisans. To do this we will split our messaging into three different parts:
What gerrymandering is & why it’s important
Why we need to act now
Our plan to fix it
What Gerrymandering is & Why it’s Important:
It’s all about power. Every 10 years when U.S. Census data is released, political parties draw legislative boundaries based on which voters are most likely to give them a political advantage on Election Day. Put simply, redistricting determines political power.
Incumbency Protection. Unlike other states that gerrymander voters to discriminate against people of a certain race or party, here in Illinois, it’s about protecting incumbents from competitive elections. The mapmakers draw the districts to be so heavily partisan that it’s basically impossible for an incumbent to lose. They reward the officials that toe the party line with safe seats and in return, keep themselves in leadership positions they’ve held much too long.
Politicians choosing their own constituents. In grade school, we learned that We The People vote and choose our own representatives to serve our needs in government. With gerrymandering in place, the process has been flipped on its head. Politicians are choosing their own voters, instead of the other way around.
Consequences of Gerrymandering Talking Points
Hyper-partisanship. In many places in Illinois, the primary election is much more competitive than the general; this is not normal. It happens because gerrymandering has created such a high number of safe seats. The most extreme candidates from both parties therefore win seats by fighting over the most fervent supporters, which fuels the growing partisan divide and results in gridlock.
Unrepresentative government. More than 60 percent of state legislative general elections in 2016 were uncompetitive, meaning that incumbents faced little or no opposition. Why? Because the gerrymandered maps made those districts so partisan – favoring one party or another – that the other party would have absolutely no chance to compete.
Lack of Voter Choice. By removing the opportunity for you to vote for an opposing candidate, gerrymandering effectively takes away your voice at the ballot box.
Unaccountable elected officials. When we such a high number of districts that are uncompetitive and uncontested, there is no way to hold our elected officials accountable. Too many elected officials know they can safely coast to reelection without listening to their constituents or fighting for our votes. Instead, they focus on their own personal or partisan goals and ignore the needs of the people they’re supposed to represent.
Bad policy. We’ve seen how the effects of gerrymandering have hurt our state. Illinois went without a budget for more than two years because of bipartisan gridlock. We wasted more than $1 billion alone just paying our interest debt. The state’s budget crisis and recent school funding battles are just two examples of how gerrymandering maps have led to extreme partisanship in Springfield that has stalled any resolution to our state’s critical challenges.
Gerrymandering hurts communities of color. Historically, politicians used gerrymandering to practice vote dilution, or the spreading of minority voters thinly across several districts to minimize their electoral power. In other cases, they packed communities of color together to minimize the number of potential minority representatives. Creating majority-minority districts helps prevent communities of color from being used to maximize partisan advantage by either party.
Fair maps can increase diversity in government. After California enacted their independent commission to fix gerrymandering, the Golden State saw a 50 percent increase in the number of majority-minority legislative districts.
People of color are underrepresented in Illinois government. A 2015 report from Chicago Lawyers’ Committee for Civil Rights found that the vast majority (85%) of the 237 municipalities, county governments and school districts studied in Illinois are under-represented by people of color when compared to their populations. And 38 jurisdictions have what the report termed “severe underrepresentation,” with a sufficiently large minority population that, if voting cohesively and using an appropriate election system, could elect at least one additional candidate of its choice.
2018 Election Cycle Talking Points
This election cycle is critical. The governor and the state senators elected in November will be the ones determining the maps that will last us until 2031. As voters, we need to hold their feet to the fire and demand that they put our interests first.
The next governor decides if our maps will be fair. The winner of the 2018 gubernatorial election will preside over the next redistricting process in 2021. They have the power to approve or veto maps that would unfairly gerrymander Illinois voters.
2020 Census Talking Points
The census is essential for everyone to be counted. The count should be accurate, valid, reliable, and fair. If the Census is underfunded, communities across Illinois - especially in poor, urban and rural areas - will be undercounted, skewing our maps and diminishing our voices at the ballot box.
Every American wants their voice to be heard and to be counted in selecting the people and policies that will determine the future of our families. That starts with a fair and reliable census. Our vote is the first, most important step in the process of self-governance in our representative democracy. In order for our vote to be truly counted accurately, we need fair districts, which require an accurate and fair census count. Reliable census data is essential to creating districts where everyone is counted equally.
Fair districts mean counting everyone equally, playing by the rules, and having a transparent process. Every person living in a community must be fully and accurately counted. This can be achieved through a fair and reliable census. Districts must adhere to the requirements of the Voting Rights Act and decision-makers should prioritize keeping communities of interest together. A transparent process that allows the public to fully engage requires meetings of decision-makers to be held in public, enforces strong conflict of interest protections, and makes data and software being used to draw districts publicly available.
The first step in ending gerrymandering is having an accurate and fair census. Voters in both parties are tired of politicians drawing their own districts and manipulating voting maps. There is no question we must end gerrymandering to ensure fair political representation for all Americans. But in order to do that, it is essential to have reliable and valid census data for nonpartisan experts to draw fair districts. Accurate census data is also essential for everyday people to challenge partisan and racial gerrymandering in the courts.
Remove politics from the mapmaking process. Every decade, Springfield politicians have proven they should not be trusted to draw their own maps. It’s time to stop giving them the benefit of the doubt.
Independence is necessary. Neither party should be able to misuse the redistricting process to keep themselves in office. Redistricting should be independent from political parties and legislative leaders. An independent commission can reflect a broad range of viewpoints and identities that represent communities who are as politically, demographically, and geographically diverse as our state.
Transparency & Public Accountability Talking Points
Representative democracy works best when the public actively engages with policy discussions and elections. Redistricting reform will offer diverse voices and independent thinkers an opportunity to serve. Breaking partisan gridlock and restoring functional state government is essential for Illinois’ future and is an especially urgent call to action as we near the 2020 Census.
The public has a right to know how the maps are drawn. Currently, the maps are created in secret and behind closed doors. As voters, we deserve to know how the maps are being drawn and have the opportunity to participate in the process.
Focusing on a Legislative Constitution Amendment
A broader reform effort. We chose a legislative constitutional amendment as our strategy because it actually allows us to better and more completely fix the problem of gerrymandering. It does not have the same restrictions of previous citizens’ petition approaches, and allows our coalition to push for reform for both the General Assembly maps as well the Congressional map – instead of just the former like in prior efforts.
Still giving voters a say. A legislative constitutional amendment still give voters the final say in the fight for redistricting reform. After both chambers of the General Assembly pass the amendment it would go to the ballot as a referendum for the public to vote on, giving We The People, instead of the politicians, final say over who gets to draw the maps.
Multi-year strategy. Our strategy is a multi-year effort leading up the redistricting process of 2021. We want to build up legislative support for an amendment over multiple elections cycles. This way we can hold elected officials accountable at the ballot box for saying one thing, but doing another.
Too much legal uncertainty in other approaches. The Illinois Supreme Court threw out the Independent Map Amendment in the Fall of 2016, but they didn’t address all the counts before it (only 1 of 7). This leaves a lot of uncertainty with the citizens’ petition approach that we felt would be too costly – both with time and financial requirements to make that strategy worth the risk this time around.
Why it’s going to work this time
Momentum is growing in the fight for redistricting reform. In Illinois, more than 560,000 voters signed petitions in 2016 to put an independent redistricting commission question on the ballot. In courts around the country, cases are being heard that are throwing out gerrymandering maps.
Illinoisans want reform, overwhelmingly. A recent poll from the Paul Simon Institute found that 72 percent of Illinois voters – across party lines – want an independent commission to draw the lines.
Broad-based coalition. We are a part of a coalition with diverse political and geographic backgrounds and support from the business community and communities of color representing hundreds of thousands of Illinois voters. When we mobilize, our voices can be heard.
Difference Between the New and Old Redistricting Bills
Background: The Illinois Redistricting Collaborative has chosen to model their redistricting reform amendment after HJRCA 58 which received broad bipartisan support including 105 “yes” votes in the Illinois House.
HRJCA 58 • Commission make-up: 8-Member Indep. Commission, with 1 from each judicial district. Chosen by two justices of the IL Supreme Court • Scope: Only addresses legislative redistricting • Public participation: 15 public hearings before maps are proposed, 5 after • Timeline for maps: Maps adopted by June 30, year after the Census for maps, Aug. 1if tiebreaker commission is needed
NEW BILL • Commission: 16-Member Indep. Commission, with 2 from each judicial district. Political make up: 7 Dems, 7 Repubs. with 2 Independents (tiebreaker commissioner would also be an Independent). Chosen by two justices of the IL Supreme Court • Scope: Legislative & Congressional redistricting addressed • Public participation: 20 public hearings before maps are proposed, 10 after • Timeline: Maps adopted by Aug. 1, Tiebreaker Commission maps by Sept. 1
OTHER ADDITIONS: • Broadening participation: Hearings must give opportunity for racial & language minorities to participate, request use of technology, e.g. live-streaming, to engage broader audience • Additional Transparency: All Commission communications & data used to create maps are released to the public & the Commission will be subject to FOIA • Financials: Commissioners will be compensated & will receive appropriations for staff, office space, travel, etc.
Vote on HRJCA 58
STATE OF ILLINOIS NINETY-NINTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY HOUSE ROLL CALL HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT 58 CONAMEND-REDISTRICTING THIRD READING PASSED THREE-FIFTHS VOTE REQUIRED May 03, 2016 105 YEAS Y Acevedo N Ammons Y Andersson Y Andrade Y Anthony NV Arroyo Y Batinick Y Beiser Y Bellock Y Bennett Y Bourne Y Bradley Y Brady Y Breen Y Brown Y Bryant Y Burke,Daniel Y Gordon-Booth Y Moeller Y Gabel Y Burke,Kelly Y Guzzardi Y Moffitt Y Morrison Y Moylan Y Verschoore Y Wallace Y Walsh Y Wehrli Y Welch Y Wheeler,Barbara Y Wheeler,Keith Y Williams Y Willis Y Winger Y Yingling Y Zalewski Y Mr. Speaker Y Butler Y Cabello Y Cassidy Y Cavaletto Y Chapa LaVia Y Hays Y Cloonen Y Conroy Y Costello Y Crespo Y Hernandez Y Hoffman Y Hurley E Ives Y Phelps Y Phillips Y Pritchard Y Reaves-Harris Y Reis N Riley Y Rita Y Currie Y D'Amico Y Davidsmeyer Y Jimenez Y DeLuca Y Demmer Y Drury Y Dunkin Y Durkin N Evans Y Feigenholtz Y Fine Y Kifowit N Lang Y Leitch Y Lilly Y Flowers Y Ford Y Fortner Y Franks Y Frese Y Manley Y Martwick NV Mayfield Y McAsey Y McAuliffe Y McDermed Y McSweeney Y Meier Y Mitchell,Bill N Mitchell,Christian Y Unes 7 NAYS 0 PRESENT Y Sandack Y Scherer Y Sente Y Sims Y Skoog Y Smiddy Y Sommer Y Sosnowski Y Soto Y Stewart Y Sullivan Y Tabares NV Thapedi Y Tryon N Turner E Davis,Monique E Jones N Davis,William Y Kay Y Hammond Y Harper Y Harris,David Y Mussman Y Harris,Gregory Y Nekritz Y Jackson Y Jesiel E - Denotes Excused Absence NO. 2
2017 and 2018 House Joint Resolution Constitutional Amendment HCA043
100TH GENERAL ASSEMBLY State of Illinois Introduced by Rep. Ryan Spain SYNOPSIS ILCON Art. IV, Sec. 2 ILCON Art. IV, Sec. 3 Proposes to amend the Legislature Article of the Illinois Constitution. Provides that provisions concerning legislative redistricting apply to Congressional Districts. Requires that districts, in addition to being compact, contiguous, and substantially equal in population, must also comply with the federal Constitution and law, provide racial and ethnic minorities with equal opportunity to participate in the political process, provide racial and ethnic minorities who constitute less than a voting-age majority of a district with an opportunity to substantially influence the outcome of an election, respect geographic integrity of units of local government, respect communities sharing common social or economic interests, and not discriminate against or in favor of any political party or individual. Replaces the current method of legislative redistricting with the following: a 16-member commission, appointed by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and the most senior Supreme Court Judge of a different political party in accordance with specified criteria, shall adopt and file with the Secretary of State redistricting plans for Legislative, Representative, and Congressional Districts following a series of public hearings by August 1 of the year following a federal decennial census; permits the public to submit maps during the map drawing process for consideration by the Commission; and, if a redistricting plan is not adopted by August 1 of the year following a federal decennial census, then a seventeenth member shall be appointed to the Commission and redistricting plans shall be filed by September 1. Adds provisions concerning the membership of the Commission and budgetary matters related to the Commission. Removes the requirement for each Legislative District to be divided into two Representative Districts. Effective upon being declared adopted and applicable to redistricting beginning in 2021 and to the election of General Assembly members beginning in 2022. LRB100 20986 MJP 36632 e
RESOLVED, BY THE HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES OF THE ONE HUNDREDTH GENERAL ASSEMBLY OF THE STATE OF ILLINOIS, THE SENATE CONCURRING HEREIN, that there shall be submitted to the electors of the State for adoption or rejection at the general election next occurring at least 6 months after the adoption of this resolution a proposition to amend Article IV of the Illinois Constitution by changing Sections 2 and 3 as follows: ARTICLE IV THE LEGISLATURE (ILCON Art. IV, Sec. 2) SECTION 2. LEGISLATIVE COMPOSITION (a) One Senator shall be elected from each Legislative District. Immediately following each decennial redistricting, the General Assembly by law shall divide the Legislative Districts as equally as possible into three groups. Senators from one group shall be elected for terms of four years, four years and two years; Senators from the second group, for terms of four years, two years and four years; and Senators from the third group, for terms of two years, four years and four years. The Legislative Districts in each group shall be distributed substantially equally over the State. HC0043
HOUSE JOINT RESOLUTION CONSTITUTIONAL AMENDMENT HC0043 -2- LRB100 20986 MJP 36632 e
(b) Each Legislative District shall be divided into two
Representative Districts. In 1982 and every two years
thereafter one Representative shall be elected from each
Representative District for a term of two years.
(c) To be eligible to serve as a member of the General
Assembly, a person must be a United States citizen, at least 21
years old, and for the two years preceding his election or
appointment a resident of the district which he is to
represent. In the general election following a redistricting, a
candidate for the General Assembly may be elected from any
district which contains a part of the district in which he
resided at the time of the redistricting and reelected if a
resident of the new district he represents for 18 months prior
(d) Within thirty days after a vacancy occurs, it shall be
filled by appointment as provided by law. If the vacancy is in
a Senatorial office with more than twenty-eight months
remaining in the term, the appointed Senator shall serve until
the next general election, at which time a Senator shall be
elected to serve for the remainder of the term. If the vacancy
is in a Representative office or in any other Senatorial
office, the appointment shall be for the remainder of the term.
An appointee to fill a vacancy shall be a member of the same
political party as the person he succeeds.
(e) No member of the General Assembly shall receive
compensation as a public officer or employee from any other
governmental entity for time during which he is in attendance as a member of the General Assembly. No member of the General Assembly during the term for which he was elected or appointed shall be appointed to a public office which shall have been created or the compensation for which shall have been increased by the General Assembly during that term. (Source: Amendment adopted at general election November 4, 1980.) (ILCON Art. IV, Sec. 3)
SECTION 3. LEGISLATIVE REDISTRICTING (a) As used in this Section, "consumer price index-u" means the index published by the Bureau of Labor Statistics of the United States Department of Labor or a successor agency that measures the average change in prices of goods and services purchased by all urban consumers, United States city average, all items, 1982-84=100. (b) Each Legislative District, Representative District, and Congressional District shall, in the following order of priority: (1) fully comply with the United States Constitution and federal laws, such as the federal Voting Rights Act; (2) be substantially equal in population; (3) provide racial minorities and language minorities with the equal opportunity to participate in the political
1 process and elect candidates of their choice;
2 (4) provide racial minorities and language minorities
3 who constitute less than a voting-age majority of a
4 Legislative District, Representative District, or
5 Congressional District with an opportunity to
6 substantially influence the outcome of an election;
7 (5) be contiguous;
8 (6) be compact;
9 (7) respect, to the extent practical, geographic
10 integrity of units of local government;
11 (8) respect, to the extent practical, communities
12 sharing common social or economic interests;
13 (9) and not discriminate against or in favor of any
14 political party or individual.
15 (c) No later than August 30 of the year that each federal
16 decennial census occurs, the Chief Justice and the most senior
17 Supreme Court Judge who is not elected from the same political
18 party as the Chief Justice shall select 16 commissioners to
19 form an Independent Redistricting Commission. The
20 commissioners must reflect the ethnic, gender, and racial
21 demographics of Illinois, 14 of the commissioners must
22 represent, in equal number, the two political parties whose
23 gubernatorial candidates received the greatest number of votes
24 in the last gubernatorial election and two of the commissioners
25 must represent neither of those parties. There must be at least
26 two commissioners from each Judicial District.
1 (d) A person is ineligible to serve on the Commission if
2 within the previous four calendar years the person or his or
3 her spouse or immediate family member was appointed or elected
4 to a position with the State, federal, or local government; is
5 a State employee; is a lobbyist as defined by law; has an
6 ownership interest in an entity with a State or federal
7 contract; or is appointed or elected to serve a political
8 party. A commissioner is ineligible for a period of 10 years to
9 serve in the General Assembly or to be appointed to a position
10 subject to Senate confirmation. Commissioners must file
11 financial disclosure statements and abide by any ethics
12 requirements established by law.
13 (e) The Commission shall act in public meetings by the
14 affirmative vote of 10 commissioners. The Commission shall
15 elect its chairperson and vice chairperson, who shall not be
16 affiliated with the same political party. Each meeting of the
17 Commission shall be open to the public and there must be public
18 notice at least seven days before a meeting. All records of the
19 Commission, including all communications to or from the
20 Commission regarding the work of the Commission, shall be
21 available for public inspection. The Commission shall adopt
22 rules governing its procedures. The Commission shall be
23 considered a public body subject to the Freedom of Information
24 Act or a successor Act and the Open Meetings Act or a successor
25 Act. Commissioners and staff may not communicate with or
26 receive communications about redistricting matters from anyone
1 outside of a public hearing.
2 (f) The Commission shall hold at least 20 public hearings
3 throughout the State before adopting a redistricting plan, with
4 a majority occurring before the Commission releases any
5 proposed redistricting plan and at least 10 public hearings
6 must occur throughout the State after the release of any
7 proposed redistricting plan.
8 The Commission must provide a meaningful opportunity for
9 racial minorities and language minorities to participate in the
10 public hearings, including, but not limited to, issuing notices
11 in multiple languages and ensuring that translation services
12 are available at all hearings at the Commission's expense or
13 through partnership with outside organizations. These public
14 hearings must be open to all members of the public and must be
15 planned to encourage attendance and participation across the
16 State, including the use of technology that allows for
17 real-time, virtual participation and feedback during the
18 hearings. When releasing a proposed redistricting plan, the
19 Commission must also release population data, geographic data,
20 election data, and any other data used to create the plan, when
21 the Commission receives this information. The Commission must
22 also provide terminals for members of the public to access the
23 data and associated software. During the map drawing process,
24 any member of the public may submit maps for consideration to
25 the Commission. Those submissions are public records that are
26 open to comment.
1 The Commission may not adopt a redistricting plan until the
2 Commission adopts and publishes a report explaining the plan's
3 compliance with the United States Constitution and Illinois
4 Constitution. Before the adoption of a redistricting plan, the
5 Commission shall release to the public the final plan and its
6 associated compliance report. The meeting to vote on adoption
7 of a redistricting plan shall occur no sooner than 30 days
8 after the release of the final plan and its associated
9 compliance report. All proposed and adopted maps and any data
10 used to develop these maps are public records. The Commission
11 shall maintain a website or other similar electronic platform
12 to disseminate information about the Commission, including
13 records of its meetings and hearings, proposed redistricting
14 plans, assessments and reports on plans, and to allow the
15 public to view its meetings and hearings in both live and
16 archived form. The website or electronic platform must allow
17 the public to submit redistricting plans and comments on
18 redistricting plans to the Commission for its consideration.
19 (g) The Commission shall adopt and file with the Secretary
20 of State a redistricting plan for the Legislative Districts,
21 Representative Districts, and Congressional Districts by
22 August 1 of the year following the federal decennial census.
23 The Commission may adopt separate redistricting plans for the
24 Legislative Districts, the Representative Districts, and the
25 Congressional Districts.
26 (h) If the Commission fails to adopt and file a
1 redistricting plan by August 1 of the year following a federal
2 decennial census, the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and
3 the most senior Supreme Court Judge who is not elected from the
4 same political party as the Chief Justice shall appoint, by
5 August 8, a seventeenth member to the Commission. The
6 seventeenth member of the Commission must not be affiliated
7 with either major political party. The 17-member Commission
8 shall adopt and file with the Secretary of State redistricting
9 plans for the Legislative Districts, Representative Districts,
10 and Congressional Districts by September 1 of the year
11 following the federal decennial census.
12 (i) Members of the Commission shall be compensated at the
13 rate of $300 for each day the member is engaged in Commission
14 business. For each succeeding Commission, the rate of
15 compensation shall be adjusted in each year of the federal
16 decennial census by the cumulative change in inflation based on
17 the consumer price index-u or a successor metric. Members of
18 the Commission are eligible for reimbursement of personal
19 expenses incurred in connection with the duties performed
20 pursuant to this act. A member's residence is deemed to be the
21 member's post of duty for purposes of reimbursement of
23 (j) In the year before each federal decennial census, the
24 Governor shall include in the budget submitted under Section 2
25 of Article VIII to the General Assembly amounts of funding for
26 the Commission and the Secretary of State that are sufficient
1 to meet the estimated expenses of each of those officers or
2 entities in implementing the redistricting process required by
3 this Section for a 3-year period, including, but not limited
4 to, adequate funding for a statewide outreach program to
5 solicit broad public participation in the redistricting
6 process. The Governor shall also make adequate office space
7 available for the operation of the Commission. The Legislature
8 shall make the necessary appropriation in a budget
9 implementation Act, and the appropriation shall be available
10 during the entire 3-year appropriation shall be available
11 during the entire three-year period. The appropriation made
12 shall be equal to the greater of $3,000,000 or the amount
13 expended in accordance with this subsection in the immediately
14 preceding redistricting process, as each amount is adjusted by
15 the cumulative change in inflation based on the consumer price
16 index-u or a successor metric, since the date of the
17 immediately preceding appropriation made in accordance with
18 this subsection. The Legislature may make additional
19 appropriations in any year that it determines that the
20 Commission requires additional funding in order to fulfill its
21 duties. The Commission, with fiscal oversight from the
22 Comptroller or its successor, shall have procurement and
23 contracting authority and may hire staff and consultants, for
24 the purposes of this Section, including legal representation.
25 (k) A redistricting plan filed with the Secretary of State
26 shall be presumed valid and shall be published promptly by the
1 Secretary of State.
2 (l) The Supreme Court shall have original and exclusive
3 jurisdiction over actions concerning redistricting the House
4 and Senate, which shall be initiated in the name of the People
5 of the State by the Attorney General. Each person who resides
6 or is domiciled in the State, or whose executive office or
7 principal place of business is located in the State, may bring
8 an action in court of competent jurisdiction to obtain any of
9 the relief available.
10 (a) Legislative Districts shall be compact, contiguous and
11 substantially equal in population. Representative Districts
12 shall be compact, contiguous, and substantially equal in
14 (b) In the year following each Federal decennial census
15 year, the General Assembly by law shall redistrict the
16 Legislative Districts and the Representative Districts.
17 If no redistricting plan becomes effective by June 30 of
18 that year, a Legislative Redistricting Commission shall be
19 constituted not later than July 10. The Commission shall
20 consist of eight members, no more than four of whom shall be
21 members of the same political party.
22 The Speaker and Minority Leader of the House of
23 Representatives shall each appoint to the Commission one
24 Representative and one person who is not a member of the
25 General Assembly. The President and Minority Leader of the
26 Senate shall each appoint to the Commission one Senator and one
HC0043 -11- person who is not a member of the General Assembly. The members shall be certified to the Secretary of State by the appointing authorities. A vacancy on the Commission shall be filled within five days by the authority that made the original appointment. A Chairman and Vice Chairman shall be chosen by a majority of all members of the Commission. Not later than August 10, the Commission shall file with the Secretary of State a redistricting plan approved by at least five members. If the Commission fails to file an approved redistricting plan, the Supreme Court shall submit the names of two persons, not of the same political party, to the Secretary of State not later than September 1. Not later than September 5, the Secretary of State publicly shall draw by random selection the name of one of the two persons to serve as the ninth member of the Commission. Not later than October 5, the Commission shall file with the Secretary of State a redistricting plan approved by at least five members. An approved redistricting plan filed with the Secretary of State shall be presumed valid, shall have the force and effect of law and shall be published promptly by the Secretary of State. The Supreme Court shall have original and exclusive jurisdiction over actions concerning redistricting the House and Senate, which shall be initiated in the name of the People
1 of the State by the Attorney General.
2 (Source: Amendment adopted at general election November 4,
5 This Constitutional Amendment takes effect upon being
6 declared adopted in accordance with Section of the Illinois
7 Constitutional Amendment Act and applies to redistricting
8 beginning in 2021 and to the election of General Assembly
9 members beginning in 2022.
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